Los Angeles

decade

0s

0

Announcement for Gladys Nilsson exhibition at the Candy Store Gallery. Courtesy of Parker Gallery, Los Angeles
Announcement for Roy De Forest exhibition at the Candy Store Gallery. Courtesy of Parker Gallery, Los Angeles
Exhibition announcement for the Candy Store Gallery, including artists Roy De Forest, Gladys Nilsson, and James (Jim) Nutt. Courtesy of Parker Gallery, Los Angeles
Google Maps view of Fishburn Avenue in East Los Angeles

decade

1940s

1940s 1941

1942

Ed Ruscha visits Los Angeles with his family as a teenager.

1945

Larry Bell’s family moves to Los Angeles.

1948

Billy Al Bengston’s family moves to Los Angeles.

decade

1950s

1950

Carlos Almaraz’s family moves to Los Angeles.

1953–55 1953

Billy Al Bengston studies at Los Angeles Junior College (now Los Angeles City College).

1955

Billy Al Bengston moves to Oakland and enrolls at the California College of Arts and Crafts but moves back to Los Angeles within the year.

1956

Billy Al Bengston enrolls at the Los Angeles County Art Institute (now Otis College of Art and Design) and studies with Peter Voulkos but leaves after a year.

1956

Due to a relapse of tuberculosis, Charles White relocates from New York to Los Angeles in search of a better climate.

1956

Ed Ruscha and Mason Williams share a room at Mrs. Steer’s Boarding House near downtown Los Angeles.

1956

Ed Ruscha plans on enrolling at ArtCenter College of Design in Los Angeles, but the student quota is full. Ruscha attends Chouinard Art Institute instead.

1956

Mason Williams attends Los Angeles City College but quits his major in math after spending more time at jazz clubs than studying. He decides to become a musician.

1957

Billy Al Bengston is part of a group exhibition at the Ferus Gallery.

late 1950s 1957

Barney’s Beanery, a popular West Hollywood bar, is an important source of community for Billy Al Bengston, Joe Goode, Jerry McMillan, and Ed Ruscha, as well as others who show at the Ferus Gallery.

1957

Judy Chicago moves to Los Angeles to attend UCLA.

1957–59 1957

Larry Bell attends Chouinard Art Institute in Los Angeles.

1957–58 1957

Roy De Forest exhibits in two group shows at the Ferus Gallery with Billy Al Bengston.

1958–63 1958

Billy Al Bengston has solo exhibitions at the Ferus Gallery.

1958–60 1958

At Chouinard Art Institute in Los Angeles, Joe Goode, Jerry McMillan, and Ed Ruscha meet and befriend fellow Okies Patrick Blackwell and Don Moore. They refer to themselves as the “Students Five.”

1958

On a winter trip back from Los Angeles to Oklahoma City, Ed Ruscha convinces Jerry McMillan to come to Los Angeles for school, which then motivates Joe Goode to also head west and pursue his artistic career.

1959

Artists outside the Ferus Gallery in Los Angeles, 1959. Pictured clockwise from top: Billy Al Bengston, Irving Blum, Ed Moses, and John Altoon. Gift of Irving Blum. Getty Research Institute, Los Angeles (2009.M.37). © Estate of William Claxton/Demont Photo Management LLC
Joe Goode, Jerry McMillan, Ed Ruscha, and Patrick Blackwell in the studio space they shared while in school at Chouinard, c. 1959
Photo: Patrick Blackwell. Courtesy of the Joe Goode Studio
Joe Goode, Jerry McMillan, Ed Ruscha, and Patrick Blackwell in the studio space they shared while in school at Chouinard, c. 1959
Photo: Patrick Blackwell. Courtesy of the Joe Goode Studio

1959–61 1959

Joe Goode attends Chouinard Art Institute.

1959–61 1959

Joe Goode works as a janitor at Chouinard.

1959

Joe Goode meets his first wife Judy Winans at Chouinard, where she is a ceramics major.

1959–61 1959

Joe Goode, Jerry McMillan, and Ed Ruscha work at Al Cassell’s Patio Restaurant.

1959

Larry Bell is included in Los Angeles County Museum of Art’s (LACMA) annual exhibition of Southern California painting and sculpture.

1959

Group oral history interview conducted by Andrew Perchuck and Rani Singh, featuring Jerry McMillan, Ed Ruscha, and Mason Williams, Jan 23, 2007. Part of "Modern Art in Los Angeles : Okies go west," Getty Research Institute, 2007.

decade

1960s

1960s 1960

Joe Goode, Jerry McMillan, and Ed Ruscha participate in the La Cienega gallery walks on Monday nights. Afterwards, he and his friends hang out at Barney’s Beanery, a favorite watering hole for many young Los Angeles–based artists.

1960

Ed Ruscha graduates from Chouinard.

1960–61 1960

June Wayne, founder of the Tamarind Lithography Workshop in Los Angeles, invites Garo Antreasian to serve as the first technical director and master printer of Tamarind.

1959–61 1960

Patrick Blackwell, Joe Goode, Jerry McMillan, Don Moore, and Ed Ruscha (who refer to themselves as the Students Five) live with Wally Batterson in a house on Madison Avenue in Silver Lake, California; all attend Chouinard. They then move into a little house on New Hampshire Avenue in Hollywood.

1960

After having realized she had to go to Paris to have lithographs executed properly, June Wayne secures a Ford Foundation grant to open the Tamarind Lithography Workshop on Tamarind Avenue in Los Angeles. She hopes to revive the art of lithography through fellowships for artists.

1961

Poster for the exhibition War Babies at Huysman Gallery, May 29–June 17, 1961. Getty Research Institute, Los Angeles (2006.M.1). © Joe Goode. Courtesy of Jerry McMillan and Craig Krull Gallery, Santa Monica

1961–65 1961

Ed Ruscha has solo exhibitions at the Ferus Gallery.

1960s 1961

After graduation, Joe Goode, Ed Ruscha, and Patty, Jerry McMillan’s future wife, work for Sunset House, a mail-order firm.

1961

Joe Goode organizes War Babies at Huysman Gallery on La Cienega Boulevard with works by Larry Bell, Ed Bereal, and Ron Miyashiro. The exhibition poster features photography by Jerry McMillan.

1962

Allen Ruppersberg enrolls in Chouinard Art Institute. Robert Irwin and Emerson Woelffler are some of his professors.

1960s 1962

Judy Chicago knows Billy Al Bengston from her days as a student at UCLA.

1962

Bruce Conner has a solo exhibition at the Ferus Gallery in June.

1962

Judy Chicago earns her BA from UCLA.

1962–64 1962

Billy Al Bengston teaches for a year at UCLA when Judy Chicago is in graduate school. Bengston’s studio is the first Chicago ever visits, and she considers him the first real artist she’s met.

1962–65 1962

Larry Bell has solo exhibitions at the Ferus Gallery.

1962

Terry Allen moves to Los Angeles to attend Chouinard Art Institute.

1962

Terry Allen and Allen Ruppersberg meet on the first day of school at Chouinard.

1962

1963

“Rejected Oct 2, 1963 by the Library of Congress Washington 25, D.C.” Advertisement by Ed Ruscha in Artforum 2, no. 9 (1964): 55. © Ed Ruscha

1963

Billy Al Bengston, Joe Goode, and Ed Ruscha are included in the group exhibition Six More at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles.

1963

Joe Goode and Ed Ruscha hitchhike from Los Angeles to New York.

1963

Joe Goode shows at Rolf Nelson Gallery on La Cienega Boulevard.

1963

John Outterbridge and his new wife, Beverly McKissick, leave Chicago for Los Angeles’s warmer weather and bigger art scene.

1963

Larry Bell, Billy Al Bengston, and Ed Ruscha are included in a group show at the Ferus Gallery.

1964

Jerry McMillan, Mason Williams, Sunrise, Downtown Los Angeles, 1964. Gelatin silver print; 8 × 10 in. (20.3 × 25.4 cm). Courtesy of Jerry McMillan and Craig Krull Gallery, Santa Monica

1964

Billy Al Bengston, Robert Irwin, Ed Moses, and Ken Price are included in the Ferus Gallery’s Studs exhibition.

1964

David Hammons transfers to Los Angeles Trade and Technical College to study advertising.

1964

Ed Ruscha has a solo exhibition at the Ferus Gallery. At the opening he meets actor Dennis Hopper, whose 1961 photograph Double Standard, taken on the corner of Santa Monica Blvd and Melrose Avenue through his car windshield, is used in the show’s announcement. Hopper buys Standard Station, Amarillo Texas (1963), which was featured in the exhibition. After the opening, Hopper and Ruscha become lifelong friends.

1964

Judy Chicago receives her MFA in painting and sculpture from UCLA.

1964

After leaving the Navy in 1963, Mason Williams returns to Los Angeles and lives with Ed Ruscha.

1964

Mason Williams occasionally helps Ed Ruscha lay out Artforum.

1964

Miriam Schapiro receives a Ford Foundation Grant to hold a lithography workshop at Tamarind in Los Angeles.

1965

Jerry McMillan, Joe Goode in front of his studio on Western Avenue, Los Angeles, CA, c. 1965. Gelatin silver print; 8 × 10 in. (20.3 × 25.4 cm). Courtesy of Jerry McMillan and Craig Krull Gallery, Santa Monica

1965

Charles White begins teaching at Otis Art Institute.

1960s 1965

Because of Charles White’s frail condition, John Outterbridge drives him around Los Angeles.

1965

Ed Ruscha moves into a large studio on Western Avenue in Los Angeles. He stays there for almost 20 years.

1965–69 1965

Under the pseudonym Eddie Russia, Ruscha assumes the role of art director for Artforum, which moves from San Francisco to Los Angeles in 1965 and rents a space above the Ferus Gallery. Ruscha remains the art director two years after the publication moves to New York from Los Angeles.

1965

Nicholas Wilder Gallery opens on La Cienega Boulevard and shows work by Joe Goode and Bruce Nauman.

mid-1960s 1965

John Outterbridge begins teaching at the Watts Towers Arts Center.

1965

Judithe Hernández receives the first Future Masters Scholarship from the Los Angeles County Museum of Art (LACMA), which allows her to attend Otis Art Institute.

mid-1960s 1965

Judy Chicago moves into an apartment next to Joe Goode’s on Western Avenue.

mid-1960s 1965

Judy Chicago watches Billy Al Bengston race motorcycles and hangs out with the “Ferus gang” at Barney’s Beanery, although she acknowledges the machismo of the crew.

mid-1960s 1965

Judy Chicago participates in the La Cienega gallery walks on Mondays.

mid-1960s 1965

Judy Chicago shows at the Rolf Nelson Gallery on La Cienega Boulevard.

1965

Feingarten Galleries in Los Angeles organizes Lynn Hershman Leeson’s first solo exhibition.

1960s 1965

Senga Nengudi teaches classes at the Watts Towers Arts Center.

1965

Vija Celmins receives her MFA from UCLA.

1966

Jerry McMillan, Ed Ruscha checking press proof of his Surrealism cover for Artforum, 1966. Courtesy of Jerry McMillan and Craig Krull Gallery, Santa Monica

1966

Nicholas Wilder and Joe Goode drive north to visit Bruce Nauman in his studio and, as a result, Nauman has his first solo show in May at the Nicholas Wilder Gallery along La Cienega Boulevard. Nauman’s Mold for a Modernized Slant Step is included in this exhibition.

1966

David Hammons attends Chouinard Art Institute and graduates in 1968.

1966

Senga Nengudi earns her BA from California State University, Los Angeles (Cal State LA).

1966

Terry Allen earns his BFA from Chouinard.

1966

Terry Allen, Allen Ruppersberg, and a group of friends from Chouinard cofound Gallery 66, a cooperative gallery in Los Angeles that operates for one year.

1967

Allen Ruppersberg graduates from Chouinard with a BFA.

1967

Allen Ruppersberg participates in his first group exhibition, New Directions, at the Westside Jewish Community Center in Los Angeles. The show also includes Bruce Nauman and Ed Ruscha.

1967

Carlos Almaraz is part of a group exhibition at Otis Art Institute.

1967

Larry Bell is included in the group exhibition American Sculpture of the Sixties at LACMA.

late 1960s 1967

Suzanne Jackson serves as a model for Charles White’s classes at Otis Art Institute.

1968

Exhibition announcement for the Candy Store Gallery, including artists Roy De Forest, Gladys Nilsson, and James (Jim) Nutt. Courtesy of Parker Gallery, Los Angeles

1968

The Los Angeles County Museum of Art (LACMA) organizes a Billy Al Bengston retrospective that includes furniture from Larry Bell and Ed Ruscha, with installation design by a young Frank Gehry. Ruscha designs the cover for the catalogue, which is made of sandpaper.

1968–72 1968

David Hammons takes night classes at Otis Art Institute. Hammons’s drawing teacher, Charles White, makes a profound impact on him as the first successful black man whom Hammons has encountered.

1968–70 1968

David Hammons, Senga Nengudi, and John Outterbridge, along with other artists, gather at Suzanne Jackson’s Gallery 32 to eat and talk.

late 1960s 1968

Suzanne Jackson takes a drawing class with Charles White at Otis, where she also meets David Hammons.

1968

Suzanne Jackson founds Gallery 32 (1968–70) out of her studio at 672 North Lafayette Park Place, near MacArthur Park, around the corner from Otis and Chouinard Art Institute.

1969

Charles White and Judithe Hernández at the Otis Art Institute, c. 1969–70. The Charles White Archives
Stephen Kaltenbach, Slant Step 2, c. 1969. Fiberglass and rubber mat; 14 ¾ x 16 × 14 in. (37.47 × 40.64 × 35.56 cm). Collection The Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, gift of Michael Asher and Pamela Allen

late 1960s 1969

David Hammons exhibits his body prints at Gallery 32.

1969

Emory Douglas has a solo exhibition at Suzanne Jackson’s Gallery 32 in Los Angeles. The exhibition serves as a fundraiser for Black Panther Party programs, including free breakfast for children, free health clinics, and freeing political prisoners.

1969–71 1969

Larry Bell has solo exhibitions at the Mizuno Gallery.

1969

Suzanne Jackson organizes a solo exhibition of Black Panther Party member Emory Douglas at Gallery 32. The LAPD and FBI visit the gallery throughout the exhibition to monitor it.

1969–73 1969

Vija Celmins has solo exhibitions at the Mizuno Gallery on La Cienega Boulevard.

decade

1970s

1970

Immediately after graduating from the California College of Arts and Crafts, Barbara Kasten moves to Los Angeles to be a substitute teacher for Bernard Kester’s fiber arts course at UCLA.

1970

Billy Al Benston has an exhibition at the Mizuno Gallery, lit only by candlelight, which features some of his Dentos series.

1970

Art in America publishes Billy Al Bengston‘s “Los Angeles Artists’ Studios,” a photo essay featuring his own studio along with Larry Bell’s, Joe Goode’s, and Ed Ruscha’s, among others.

1970

Bruce Nauman has a solo exhibition at Nicholas Wilder Gallery.

1970

Carlos Almaraz is included in the group exhibition Four Chicano Artists at CalState, Los Angeles.

1970

Jerry McMillan photographs Judy Chicago for her ad in Artforum announcing her name change.

1970

John Outterbridge is included in a group exhibition at Gallery 32.

1970–74 1970

Judithe Hernández serves as resident artist for Aztlán: Chicano Journal of the Social Sciences and the Arts, published by the UCLA Chicano Studies Research Center.

1970

Judy Chicago takes out an ad in Artforum to announce her Fullerton exhibition and her name change. Jerry McMillan takes the photograph, which features Chicago in a boxing ring sporting a sweatshirt with her new name, her friend’s girlfriend standing behind her, and gallerist Jack Glenn crouching in the corner like a boxing manager.

1970

Tamarind Lithography Workshop, founded by June Wayne, moves to Albuquerque, New Mexico, from Los Angeles and becomes the Tamarind Institute, a division of the College of Fine Arts of the University of New Mexico.

1970

Larry Bell is included in a group exhibition at the Mizuno Gallery.

1970

Gallery 32 hosts Sapphire Show: You’ve come a long way, baby, an exhibition of work by six black women artists including Suzanne Jackson and Senga Nengudi. It is the first survey of black women artists in Los Angeles.

1970

As a fundraiser, Gallery 32 exhibits work by children taking classes at the Watts Towers Arts Center.

1971

Allen Ruppersberg, Al’s Grand Hotel brochure, 1971. One brochure with promotional description of the Hotel; 3 9/10 × 9 in. (10 × 23 cm). Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Balch Art Research Library
Allen Ruppersberg, Al’s Grand Hotel brochure, 1971. One brochure with promotional description of the Hotel; 3 9/10 × 9 in. (10 × 23 cm). Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Balch Art Research Library
Allen Ruppersberg, Al’s Grand Hotel brochure, 1971. One brochure with promotional description of the Hotel; 3 9/10 × 9 in. (10 × 23 cm). Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Balch Art Research Library
Allen Ruppersberg, Al’s Grand Hotel catalogue, 1971. One exhibition catalogue (illustrated); 6 3/10 × 9 1/10 in. (16 × 23 cm). Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Balch Art Research Library
Allen Ruppersberg, Al’s Grand Hotel catalogue, 1971. One exhibition catalogue (illustrated); 6 3/10 × 9 1/10 in. (16 × 23 cm). Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Balch Art Research Library
Allen Ruppersberg, Al’s Grand Hotel catalogue, 1971. One exhibition catalogue (illustrated); 6 3/10 × 9 1/10 in. (16 × 23 cm). Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Balch Art Research Library
Allen Ruppersberg, Al’s Grand Hotel catalogue, 1971. One exhibition catalogue (illustrated); 6 3/10 × 9 1/10 in. (16 × 23 cm). Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Balch Art Research Library
Allen Ruppersberg, Al’s Grand Hotel catalogue, 1971. One exhibition catalogue (illustrated); 6 3/10 × 9 1/10 in. (16 × 23 cm). Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Balch Art Research Library
Allen Ruppersberg, Al’s Grand Hotel catalogue, 1971. One exhibition catalogue (illustrated); 6 3/10 × 9 1/10 in. (16 × 23 cm). Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Balch Art Research Library
Allen Ruppersberg, Al’s Grand Hotel catalogue, 1971. One exhibition catalogue (illustrated); 6 3/10 × 9 1/10 in. (16 × 23 cm). Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Balch Art Research Library
Allen Ruppersberg, Al’s Grand Hotel ephemera, 1971. One typewritten letter; 7 ½ x 10 3/5 in. (19 × 27 cm). Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Balch Art Research Library
Allen Ruppersberg, Al’s Grand Hotel ephemera, 1971. Two blank sheets of stationary and one envelope; each: 7 ½ x 10 3/5 in. (19 × 27 cm). Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Balch Art Research Library
Allen Ruppersberg, Al’s Grand Hotel, 1971. Lithograph on Starwhite Vellum paper, edition 22/100; sheet: 15 × 19 7/8 in. (38.1 × 50.5 cm), image: 15 × 19 7/8 in. (38.1 × 50.5 cm). Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Purchased with funds provided by the Ducommun and Gross Endowment Income Fund, and gift of Cirrus Editions (AC1994.114.15)
Announcement for Gladys Nilsson exhibition at the Candy Store Gallery. Courtesy of Parker Gallery, Los Angeles
Announcement for Roy De Forest exhibition at the Candy Store Gallery. Courtesy of Parker Gallery, Los Angeles
Jerry McMillan, “24 Young L.A. Artists”, Los Angeles County Museum of Art, 1971. Gelatin silver print; 10 × 8 in. (25.4 × 20.3 cm). Courtesy of Jerry McMillan and Craig Krull Gallery, Santa Monica

1971

Allen Ruppersberg proposes Al’s Grand Hotel for the Los Angeles County Museum of Art’s exhibition 24 Young Los Angeles Artists, which also includes Vija Celmins, Robert Cumming, and William Wegman.

1971–73 1971

Bruce Conner uses the Dennis Hopper collages as source material for a series of photo etchings produced at Crown Point Press in Oakland, with founding Director Kathan Brown. They are published in three volumes as The Dennis Hopper One Man Show. Conner originally proposed the collages for an exhibition of the same name at the Nicholas Wilder Gallery in Los Angeles in 1967, but Wilder rejected the proposal given the false attribution.

1971

David Hammons has his first solo exhibition at Brockman Gallery, one of LA's only spaces dedicated to showing artists of color.

1971

David Hammons, Timothy Washington, and Charles White participate in the exhibition Three Graphic Artists at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art (LACMA).

1970s 1971

Joe Goode has several solo exhibitions at Nicholas Wilder Gallery.

1971

Allen Ruppersberg offers his LA studio as the location of Ed Ruscha’s first film, Premium, which stars artist Larry Bell.

1971

Larry Bell is included in the group exhibition Transparency, Reflection, Light, Space: 4 Artists at UCLA Art Galleries.

1971

Senga Nengudi receives her MA in sculpture from Cal State LA.

early 1970s 1971

Senga Nengudi teaches classes at the Watts Towers Arts Center.

1971

Terry Allen has a solo exhibition at the Mizuno Gallery.

1971

Vija Celmins, Robert Cumming, Allen Ruppersberg, and William Wegman participate in 24 Young Los Angeles Artists at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art (LACMA).

1971

Barbara Kasten describes being a woman in LA’s art scene in the 1970s.

1972

Announcement for the exhibition Grup Shrow at the Mizuno Gallery in Los Angeles, 1972. Featuring Larry Bell, Billy Al Bengston, and Vija Celmins. Gift of Riko Mizuno. Getty Research Institute, Los Angeles (2010.M.84)

1972

1972

The Los Angeles County Museum of Art organizes the traveling exhibition Bruce Nauman: Work from 1965 to 1972, which travels to the San Francisco Museum of Art in 1974.

1972–74 1972

Carlos Almaraz and Judithe Hernández are friends and classmates at Otis Art Institute, Los Angeles. Almaraz graduates with an MFA in 1974.

1972

Carlos Almaraz has a solo exhibition at the important Mechicano Art Center. Founded in 1969, the center was originally located on gallery row on La Cienega Boulevard and eventually moves to East LA as an alternative art space for exhibitions, mural programs, and poster workshops.

1972

Judithe Hernández earns her BFA at Otis, where she studies under Charles White.

1972

In January and February, Judy Chicago, Miriam Schapiro, and 21 other women artists, many from the Feminist Art Program, participate in Womanhouse, a collaborative art installation staged in an abandoned Hollywood mansion.

1973

Billy Al Bengston has a solo exhibition at Nicholas Wilder Gallery titled Recent Watercolors of Billy Al Bengston.

1973

Bruce Nauman has a solo exhibition at Nicholas Wilder Gallery titled Flayed Earth/Flayed Self (Skin/Sink).

1973

Judy Chicago, Sheila Levrant de Bretteville, and Arlene Raven cofound the Women’s Building, which opens on November 28. They first rent the former Chouinard Art Institute building, located at 743 Grandview Avenue.

early 1970s 1973

Larry Bell, Billy Al Bengston, and Vija Celmins are included in a group show at the Mizuno Gallery.

1974

Group photo of the artists in the exhibition Los Four: Almaraz/ de la Rocha/ Lujan/ Romero at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Feb 26–Mar 24, 1974. Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Balch Art Research Library
Suzanne Jackson, Sundown, 1974. Acrylic wash on canvas; 9 ¼ x 12 ¼ in. (23.5 × 31.1 cm). Collection of Marguerite Ray, Los Angeles
Photo: Ed Glendinning

1974

Billy Al Bengston has a solo exhibition at Nicholas Wilder Gallery titled Billy Al Bengston: New Paintings.

1975

John Outterbridge becomes director of the Watts Towers Arts Center.

1970s 1976

Carlos Almaraz and Judithe Hernández produce several murals in Los Angeles.

1976

Mechicano Art Center invites Judithe Hernández and Carlos Almaraz to create murals at the Ramona Gardens housing project in the Boyle Heights neighborhood of Los Angeles. What results are two joint mural projects, La Adelita and Homenaje a las mujeres de Aztlán.

1977

Nicholas Wilder Gallery hosts the traveling exhibition The Consummate Mask of Rock, a solo exhibition of Bruce Nauman's work.

1977

Carlos Almaraz cofounds Centro de Arte Público on 56th and Figueroa in Los Angeles. Judithe Hernández and other artists share a collective studio there.

1970s 1977

Judith Barry often performs at the Woman’s Building in Los Angeles.

1977

Judith Barry organizes Seven Sundays After the Fall at La Mamelle, an alternative art space in San Francisco. This series of performances by women includes women from the Woman’s Building in Los Angeles. Barry conducts discussion groups with over 80 women performance artists in the region.

1978

Billy Al Bengston has a solo exhibition at the Mizuno Gallery.

1978–79 1978

The Contemporary Arts Museum, Houston, organizes the exhibition Billy Al Bengston: Paintings of Three Decades, which travels to the Oakland Museum and the Los Angeles County Museum of Art.

1978

Senga Nengudi organizes the performance Ceremony for Freeway Fets underneath a freeway overpass on Pico Boulevard near the Los Angeles Convention Center. The performance is supported by a Comprehensive Employment and Training Act (CETA) grant and sponsored by Brockman Gallery Productions and the California Department of Transportation. As a part of Studio Z, David Hammons participates.

1978

Stephen Prina moves to Los Angeles to attend CalArts. He was drawn to the school due to the number of conceptual artists among the faculty, including John Baldessari and Douglas Huebler.

1979

Carlos Almaraz is included in the group exhibition L.A. Parks and Wrecks: Reflects on Urban Life at Otis Art Institute.

decade

1980s

1970s–90s 1980

José Antonio Aguirre creates several murals in Chicago, Los Angeles, and elsewhere.

1981

Carlos Almaraz and Judithe Hernández participate in Murals of Aztlán: The Street Painters of East Los Angeles at the Craft and Folk Art Museum of Los Angeles with other Los Four members.

1981

Larry Bell, Billy Al Bengston, Joe Goode, Bruce Nauman, and Ed Ruscha are included in the group exhibition Art in Los Angeles: Seventeen Artists in the Sixties at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art.

1981

Mike Kelley has his first solo exhibition at the Mizuno Gallery titled Meditation on a Can of Vernors.

1982

Senga Nengudi is included in the group exhibition Men at the Watts Towers Art Center.

1983

Carlos Almaraz is included in the group exhibition Miles Above at Otis Art Institute of Parsons School of Design Gallery.

1983

Mike Kelley begins exhibiting at Rosamund Felsen Gallery with the exhibition Monkey Island. Kelley has many solo exhibitions there throughout the 1980s and 1990s.

1984

Carlos Almaraz is included in the group exhibition Automobile and Culture at the Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles (MOCA).

1985

José Antonio Aguirre meets Sister Karen Boccalero, director and founder of Self Help Graphics & Art in Los Angeles.

1985

Judy Chicago’s Birth Project is exhibited at the Frederick S. Wight Gallery, UCLA.

1985

Larry Bell has a solo exhibition at the Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles (MOCA), titled Chairs in Space: The Game.

1986–88 1986

The Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, and the University Art Museum, University of California, Berkeley, host the traveling exhibition Bruce Nauman: Drawings/Zeichnungen, 1965–1986.

1986

José Antonio Aguirre moves to Los Angeles and, at Sister Karen Boccalero’s invitation, he becomes an artist in residence at Self Help Graphics & Art, where he produces serigraphs and starts an intaglio and linocut printmaking studio.

1988

Bruce Nauman has a solo exhibition at the Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, titled Bruce Nauman: Video, 1965–1986.

1988

John Outterbridge has a solo exhibition at Watts Towers Art Center.

decade

1990s

1990

Andrea Bowers moves to Los Angeles to attend CalArts, where Lane Relyea becomes an important teacher to her.

1990

Andrea Bowers teaches at Otis Art Institute.

1990–93 1990

Carlos Almaraz’s work is included in the exhibition Axis Mundo: Queer Networks in Chicano LA at MOCA.

1990

David Hammons, Mike Kelley, and William Wegman are included in the group exhibition Just Pathetic at Rosamund Felsen Gallery.

1990

Jorge Pardo has a solo exhibition at The Garage, Thomas Solomon’s gallery in West Hollywood, after being introduced to Solomon by Stephen Prina.

1992

Poster for Beat of the Traps, performance by artists Mike Kelley, Anita Pace, and Stephen Prina, 1992. Gindi Auditorium, University of Judaism, Los Angeles
Image courtesy of Track 16

1992

The Los Angeles County Museum of Art (LACMA) organizes the exhibition A Tribute to Carlos Almaraz.

1992

Joe Goode has a solo exhibition at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art titled Laboratory: Joe Goode Tornado Triptych.

1992

Joe Goode is included in the group exhibition War Babies: Prints of the Sixties from the Collection at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art.

1992

Mike Kelley and Jim Shaw are both included in Helter Skelter: L.A. Art in the 1990s, an important exhibition at the Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles (MOCA).

1992

Mike Kelley, Anita Pace, and Stephen Prina collaborate on the performance piece Beat of the Traps, which premieres at Gindi Auditorium, University of Judaism, Los Angeles.

1993

The Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, hosts the traveling exhibition Bruce Nauman (Retrospective.

1995

Jim Shaw has a solo exhibition at Rosamund Felsen Gallery.

1995

Senga Nengudi and John Outterbridge are included in the Watts Towers Art Center's 25th anniversary exhibition, Homecoming.

1996

Judy Chicago’s Birth Project is exhibited at the Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles.

1996

Mary Kelly begins teaching in the School of Art and Architecture at UCLA, where Rodney McMillian and Catherine Opie are also teaching.

1996

Rebecca Morris describes the effect of living in LA on her painting practice.

1997

Jim Isermann and Jorge Pardo collaborate on a two-person project at the Richard Telles Fine Art gallery in Los Angeles.

1998

When Rebecca Morris first moves to Los Angeles, she rents a studio in the Eagle Rock building where Laura Owens and many other artists have studios.

1998

Rebecca Morris explains why she moved to LA.

decade

2000s

2000

Billy Al Bengston has a solo exhibition at Rosamund Felsen Gallery titled The Good, The Bad and Nothing Heartless.

2000

Mike Kelley donates three works by fellow artists, including Jim Isermann, to the Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles (MOCA).

2001

Carlos Almaraz is included in the group exhibition Made in California: Art, Image, and Identity, 1900–2000 at LACMA.

2001

Catherine Opie becomes a professor of photography in the Art Department at UCLA.

2000s 2003

Sterling Ruby encourages Amanda Ross-Ho to apply to the University of Southern California (USC) in Los Angeles.

2003

Aaron Curry talks about his interest in moving to LA.

2004

Amanda Ross-Ho moves to Los Angeles for graduate school and lives with Sterling Ruby.

2004

Larry Bell, Judy Chicago, Douglas Huebler, and Bruce Nauman are included in the group exhibition A Minimal Future? Art as Object 1958–1968 at the Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles.

2005

Aaron Curry is included in the group exhibition Southern Exposure at the Wight Gallery, UCLA.

mid-2000s 2005

After graduate school, Sterling Ruby moves to Los Angeles and leases an old warehouse on Fishburn Avenue near Hazard Park in Boyle Heights to use as studio space for himself and other artist friends, including Aaron Curry and Amanda Ross-Ho.

2006

Dolphin Explosion performs "Boogie Man" at High Energy Constructs in Los Angeles, 2006.

2007

Andrea Bowers, Nonviolent Civil Disobedience Drawing–Elvira Arellano in Sanctuary at Adalberto United Methodist Church in Chicago as Protest Against Deportation, 2007, 2007. Colored pencil on paper; 30 × 22 ¼ in. (76.2 × 56.52 cm). Hammer Museum. Los Angeles. Purchase
Image courtesy of the artist and Andrew Kreps Gallery, New York

2007

The Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, organizes the exhibition Black Panther: The Revolutionary Art of Emory Douglas.

2007

Judy Chicago, Mary Kelly, Lynn Hershman Leeson, Sheila Levrant de Bretteville, Senga Nengudi, Miriam Schapiro, and June Wayne are included in the traveling exhibition WACK! Art and the Feminist Revolution organized by the Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles.

decade

2010s

2010

2010s 2010

Rodney McMillian begins teaching at UCLA.

2011

Aaron Curry and Richard Hawkins collaborate to produce Trophy, brown (2011). The piece is included in Cornfabulation, a collective exhibition between Curry and Hawkins at David Kordansky Gallery in Los Angeles.

2011–12 2011

Carlos Almaraz is included in the group exhibition Mapping Another L.A.: The Chicano Art Movement at the Fowler Museum at UCLA.

2011

Joe Goode, Stephen Kaltenbach, Mike Kelley, Tom Marioni, Bruce Nauman, Senga Nengudi, Allen Ruppersberg, and Ed Ruscha are included in the group exhibition Under the Big Black Sun: California Art 1974–1981 at the Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles.

2010s 2011

Kori Newkirk holds a dual teaching appointment at SAIC and Otis College of Art and Design.

2012

Laura Owens, Wendy Yao (founder of the bookstore Ooga Booga), and Owens’s dealer Gavin Brown found 356 Mission in Boyle Heights, Los Angeles. It begins as Owen’s studio.

2010s 2012

Melanie Schiff sets up her studio in Sterling Ruby’s studio warehouse complex in East Los Angeles.

2014

The Museum of Contempoary Art, Los Angeles, hosts the traveling exhibition Mike Kelley.

2016

Catherine Opie has a solo exhibition at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art titled Catherine Opie: O.

2017

Aaron Curry organizes the group exhibition Press your space face close to mine, featuring Karl Wirsum, at The PIT in Los Angeles.

2017

LACMA organizes the exhibition Playing with Fire: Paintings by Carlos Almaraz.

2017

Carlos Almaraz is included in the group exhibition Axis Mundo: Queer Networks in Chicano LA at MOCA.

2017

Mary Kelly joins the faculty of University of Southern California’s Roski School of Art and Design in Los Angeles, where Kori Newkirk is a visiting assistant professor.

2017

In this 2017 video, Judy Chicago explains her dissatisfaction with the male-dominated arts education she received at UCLA and how it inspired her to develop the Feminist Art Program at Fresno State College and the Womanhouse project.

2018

Roy De Forest, Gladys Nilsson, and Jim Nutt are included in the group exhibition The Candy Store at Parker Gallery in Los Angeles.

2018

THE PIT, an artist-run space in Los Angeles, hosts a two-person exhibition of Jessica Jackson Hutchins and Rebecca Morris.

2019

David Hammons, Judithe Hernández, and Suzanne Jackson are included in the group exhibition Life Model: Charles White and His Students at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art.

Cover of the Womanhouse exhibition catalogue, 1972. Pictured from left: Judy Chicago and Miriam Schapiro. California Institute of the Arts Institute Archives: Feminist Art Materials Collection

West by Midwest

Stories

Consciousness-Raising and Collaboration

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Senga Nengudi, Ceremony for Freeway Fets, 1978. Chromogenic development print; series of 11, each: 12 × 18 in. Edition of 5, aside from 1 artist’s proof. © Senga Nengudi. Courtesy of Lévy Gorvy Gallery, New York, and Thomas Erben Gallery, New York
Photo: Roderick “Quaku” Young

West by Midwest

Stories

Studio Z’s Constellation

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Photo of God’s Oasis in The Ann Arbor News, Wednesday, June 23, 1976. Pictured from left: Marju Nemvaltz, Rick Greenvald, and Jim Shaw on the porch; David Owen and Mike Kelley on lawn
Photo: Larry E. Wright. Image courtesy of the Ann Arbor District Library

West by Midwest

Stories

From God’s Oasis to the City of Angels

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