West by Midwest

Illinois

decade


1910s

1918

Charles White is born in Chicago.

1918

June Wayne is born in Chicago.

decade


1920s

1920

Anna Halprin is born Anna Schuman in Wilmette, Illinois.

decade


1930s

1920s–30s 1930

Throughout grade school and high school, Charles White wins scholarships to attend Saturday classes at the Art Institute of Chicago.

1932

Charles White joins the Arts and Crafts Guild in Chicago at age fourteen and begins participating in their exhibitions.

1936

Barbara Kasten is born in Chicago.

1936

Charles White wins a scholarship to attend the School of the Art Institute of Chicago (SAIC).

1938–41 1938

Charles White is an active participant in the South Side Community Art Center in Chicago, where he teaches classes and serves as chairman of the Artists’ Committee.

cannot locate find/attachment/5bdba77e563cd802a7f18d01

1939–43 1939

Charles White paints murals in Chicago and New York as part of the Works Progress Administration.

1939

Judy Chicago is born Judy Cohen in Chicago and lives there for 18 years.

1939

Karl Wirsum is born in Chicago.

1939

Larry Bell is born in Chicago.

decade


1940s

1940

Gladys Nilsson is born in Chicago.

1942

Carlos Almaraz’s family moves to Chicago.

1943

David Hammons is born in Springfield, Illinois.

1943

Senga Nengudi is born Sue Irons in Chicago.

mid-1940s 1947

Karl Wirsum attends Saturday classes at the Art Institute of Chicago as a child.

1940s 1948

Judy Chicago attends classes at the Art Institute of Chicago as a child.

decade


1950s

early 1950s 1951

Gladys Nilsson receives a scholarship to attend junior school classes at the Art Institute of Chicago.

1954–55 1954

Barbara Kasten attends the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

1954–58 1954

Gladys Nilsson attends Lake View High School in Chicago, where she minors in art.

1954

Stephen Prina is born in Galesburg, Illinois.

1950s 1955

Hal Fischer’s family moves to Highland Park, Illinois.

late 1950s 1956

Jim Nutt briefly attends college at the University of Kansas, then the University of Pennsylvania, then Washington University in St. Louis. He eventually settles on the School of the Art Institute of Chicago (SAIC), where he meets his future wife, Gladys Nilsson.

1956–63 1956

John Outterbridge moves to Chicago and becomes very involved with various South Side arts organizations, including singing in a choir at St. Anselm Catholic Church.

1956/57

John Outterbridge attends the American Academy of Art in Chicago.

1957

Judy Chicago moves to Los Angeles to attend UCLA.

1957

Karl Wirsum is awarded a full ride to the School of the Art Institute of Chicago (SAIC).

1958–62 1958

Gladys Nilsson and Jim Nutt meet at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago (SAIC), which they both attend.

decade


1960s

cannot locate find/attachment/5bca3397563cd802ac2b93e4

cannot locate find/attachment/5bca30d76fe3d0029f63b717

1960s 1962

Judy Chicago knows Billy Al Bengston from her days as a student at UCLA.

1962

Judy Chicago earns her BA from UCLA.

1962–64 1962

Billy Al Bengston teaches for a year at UCLA when Judy Chicago is in graduate school. Bengston’s studio is the first Chicago ever visits, and she considers him the first real artist she’s met.

1963

John Outterbridge and his new wife, Beverly McKissick, leave Chicago for Los Angeles’s warmer weather and bigger art scene.

1964

Judy Chicago receives her MFA in painting and sculpture from UCLA.

mid-1960s 1964

Judy Chicago enrolls in auto body school to learn airbrushing techniques. She begins to make works inspired by the car culture of California, much like the finish fetish school that includes Billy Al Bengston.

1965

Five recent SAIC graduates including Gladys Nilsson, Jim Nutt, and Karl Wirsum coin the term Hairy Who while working on a title for their group exhibition at the Hyde Park Art Center. The name is in reference to Chicago radio station WFMT’s art critic Harry Bouras.

1960s 1965

José Antonio Aguirre visits Chicago as a child during a summer vacation.

mid-1960s 1965

Judy Chicago moves into an apartment next to Joe Goode’s on Western Avenue.

mid-1960s 1965

Judy Chicago watches Billy Al Bengston race motorcycles and hangs out with the “Ferus gang” at Barney’s Beanery, although she acknowledges the machismo of the crew.

mid-1960s 1965

Judy Chicago participates in the La Cienega gallery walks on Mondays.

mid-1960s 1965

Judy Chicago shows at the Rolf Nelson Gallery on La Cienega Boulevard.

mid-1960s 1965

Rolf Nelson calls her Judy Chicago because of her thick Chicago accent.

1965

Robert Cumming and William Wegman drive from Boston to Illinois in Cumming’s 1965 VW bus to attend graduate school at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

cannot locate find/attachment/5bdccc8c6fe3d002c29f7dcf

cannot locate find/attachment/5be4cf9ada2d5a029a96fdc7

cannot locate find/attachment/5bc7706dda2d5a02b82137c8

1967

Robert Cumming earns his MFA from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

1967

William Wegman earns his MFA from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

cannot locate find/attachment/5b194fcd563cd8016d02ddd0

cannot locate find/attachment/5b194fcd563cd8016d02ddd0

cannot locate find/attachment/5bd395aeda2d5a02a8874ddc

cannot locate find/attachment/5bc7ab70da2d5a02b4213b7e

cannot locate find/attachment/5b7aed06da2d5a028793772e

1969

Gladys Nilsson, Jim Nutt, and Karl Wirsum are included in the group exhibition Don Baum Says: "Chicago Needs Famous Artists" at the Museum of Contemporary Art Chicago.

1969

Jorge Pardo’s family immigrates to Chicago.

1969

Judy Chicago has a solo exhibition at the Pasadena Museum of Art.

1960s 1969

Judy Chicago lives in Pasadena, California, around the corner from Bruce Nauman’s studio.

1969

Judy Chicago creates Fresno State College Atmosphere.

decade


1970s

cannot locate find/attachment/5bca34606fe3d0029b63b668

cannot locate find/attachment/5bc7c582563cd8029d09db3b

1970

Jerry McMillan photographs Judy Chicago for her ad in Artforum announcing her name change.

1970

Jim Nutt is included in the group exhibition Three Famous Artists from Chicago at the Candy Store Gallery.

1970

Judy Chicago changes her last name from Gerowitz (married name) to Chicago.

1970

Judy Chicago has a solo exhibition at California State University, Fullerton, which is run by Dextra Frankel. Chicago has a name-changing ceremony as part of the exhibition.

1970

Judy Chicago takes out an ad in Artforum to announce her Fullerton exhibition and her name change. Jerry McMillan takes the photograph, which features Chicago in a boxing ring sporting a sweatshirt with her new name, her friend’s girlfriend standing behind her, and gallerist Jack Glenn crouching in the corner like a boxing manager.

1970

Judy Chicago creates Campus White Atmosphere for California State University, Fullerton.

1970

Judy Chicago founds the Feminist Art Project, a collaborative educational experiment, at Fresno State College (now California State University, Fresno) along with 15 aspiring women artists known as the California Girls.

1970

Larry Bell is included in the Art Institute of Chicago’s 69th American Exhibit.

1970

Miriam Schapiro meets Judy Chicago and invites her to cofound the Feminist Art Program at CalArts.

cannot locate find/attachment/5bdcd115563cd8029d97d2d4

cannot locate find/attachment/5bc7a5276fe3d002b1d14fa5

cannot locate find/attachment/5bc7a5286fe3d002a5d151c7

cannot locate find/attachment/5bc7a5276fe3d002aad15199

cannot locate find/attachment/5bc7a528563cd8029b09daac

cannot locate find/attachment/5b916e4e6fe3d00286d23f82

cannot locate find/attachment/5be1bd086fe3d002a7d4e8e8

1971

Jessica Jackson Hutchins is born in Chicago.

1971

Judy Chicago creates Pink Atmosphere for California State University, Fullerton.

1971

Judy Chicago leaves Fresno and accepts a teaching position at the newly formed CalArts. She cofounds the Feminist Art Program at CalArts with Miriam Schapiro, and many of the Fresno students follow her there.

1971

Judy Chicago begins working on Womanhouse with Feminist Art Program participants.

1971

Karl Wirsum moves to the West to escape the Chicago Imagists’ newfound fame. During this time he teaches at Sacramento State College.

1971–72 1971

Miriam Schapiro participates in the historic Womanhouse installation with Judy Chicago and 21 other women artists, many of whom are students at the Feminist Art Program. For her contribution, Schapiro and her assistant create The Dollhouse using old liquor crates to create a six-room house featuring a parlor, a kitchen, a movie star’s bedroom, a harem room, a nursery, and an artist’s studio with a male model made of stuffed fabric and a miniature version of Sixteen Windows on an easel.

1971

Terry Allen has a solo exhibition at the Museum of Contemporary Art Chicago.

In a clip from the documentary *Judy Chicago & the California Girls*, Judy Chicago explains the importance of women determining their own identities.

cannot locate find/attachment/5bc8c1b8563cd8029653e5e8

cannot locate find/attachment/5bc8c1b8563cd8029653e5e8

cannot locate find/attachment/5be1d6a96fe3d0029dd4ea68

1972

Gladys Nilsson, Jim Nutt, and Karl Wirsum are included in the group exhibition Chicago Imagist Art at MCA Chicago.

1972

Judy Chicago is named a Tamarind Fellow.

1972

Judy Chicago and Miriam Schapiro host the first West Coast Women Artists’ Conference at CalArts.

1972

In January and February, Judy Chicago, Miriam Schapiro, and 21 other women artists, many from the Feminist Art Program, participate in Womanhouse, a collaborative art installation staged in an abandoned Hollywood mansion.

1972

Judy Chicago and Miriam Schapiro host the first West Coast Women Artists Conference at CalArts.

1973

Hal Fischer receives his BFA from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

1973

Judy Chicago experiences a hostile environment at CalArts. She bands together with Sheila Levrant de Bretteville and Arlene Raven to leave CalArts and create the Feminist Studio Workshop, an alternative art education experience for women.

1973

Judy Chicago, Sheila Levrant de Bretteville, and Arlene Raven cofound the Women’s Building, which opens on November 28. They first rent the former Chouinard Art Institute building, located at 743 Grandview Avenue.

cannot locate find/attachment/5bd39405da2d5a02ae874cd9

cannot locate find/attachment/5bd391e6da2d5a02ae874cc6

cannot locate find/attachment/5bd3938f563cd802a6bd6698

1974

Jim Nutt has a solo exhibition at the Museum of Contemporary Art Chicago.

1974

The Oakland Museum of California commissions A Butterfly for Oakland, one of Judy Chicago’s Atmosphere works.

1974

Stephen Prina earns his associate’s degree from Carl Sandburg College in Galesburg, Illinois.

cannot locate find/attachment/5bc7ad72563cd8029d09d9d4

1975

Amanda Ross-Ho is born and raised in Chicago’s Edgewater neighborhood.

cannot locate find/attachment/5a5f84426fe3d0016313fe13

cannot locate find/attachment/5bcf919b6fe3d002975c966c

cannot locate find/attachment/5a8212566fe3d001687dc7a0

1976

Gladys Nilsson and Jim Nutt move back to Chicago.

1977

José Antonio Aguirre enrolls in the American Conservatory of Music in Chicago.

1977

Melanie Schiff is born in Chicago.

1977

Stephen Prina earns his BFA from Northern Illinois University in DeKalb, Illinois.

cannot locate find/attachment/5bee13adda2d5a02a0db2e8a

1978

After visiting the Art Institute of Chicago, José Antonio Aguirre changes his focus and enrolls in the School of the Art Institute of Chicago.

cannot locate find/attachment/5bdcb7db563cd802910df01e

1979

Judy Chicago debuts The Dinner Party in March at the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art (SFMOMA) and travels to Chicago in December 1981.

decade


1980s

cannot locate find/attachment/5bc7706dda2d5a02b82137c8

cannot locate find/attachment/5bd3975f6fe3d002affbc91a

1970s–90s 1980

José Antonio Aguirre creates several murals in Chicago, Los Angeles, and elsewhere.

cannot locate find/attachment/5bca3024563cd802ac2b93b1

cannot locate find/attachment/5be1da646fe3d002abd4ea7a

1981

Karl Wirsum has a solo exhibition at the Museum of Contemporary Art Chicago titled Hare Toddy Kong Tamari: Selected Objects by Karl Wirsum.

1982–84 1982

Jorge Pardo attends the University of Illinois at Chicago with a major in biology but switches to art after taking classes recreationally.

1982

José Antonio Aguirre earns his BFA from the School of the Art Institute of Chicago.

1982

Judith Barry teaches a class about video and performance at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago (SAIC) and creates the video Space Invaders with SAIC students at the home of Laura Kipnis.

cannot locate find/attachment/5bca52036fe3d002ad63b8ad

1984

Judithe Hernández moves to Chicago.

cannot locate find/attachment/5bca2bdbda2d5a0298a75a4d

1985

José Antonio Aguirre creates the mural Nuestra Esencia, Nuestra Presencia … , RCOCC at the University of Illinois at Chicago.

1985

Judy Chicago’s Birth Project is exhibited at the Frederick S. Wight Gallery, UCLA.

cannot locate find/attachment/5bc77b19563cd8029b09d812

cannot locate find/attachment/562582a45bec4401d30002fc

cannot locate find/attachment/5be1f44a563cd802a197ead1

cannot locate find/attachment/5bc7a41d6fe3d002aad1518b

decade


1990s

cannot locate find/attachment/5be255346fe3d002a26d9c83

cannot locate find/attachment/5be306e2563cd802a1707387

1991

Aaron Curry moves to Chicago.

1991

Rebecca Morris moves to Chicago and earns a Post-Baccalaureate Studio Certificate from the School of the Art Institute of Chicago (SAIC) in 1992.

cannot locate find/attachment/5be24912da2d5a02985c5f88

cannot locate find/attachment/5be251db6fe3d002b86d9c74

cannot locate find/attachment/5be253776fe3d002b86d9c7d

cannot locate find/attachment/5be364a7da2d5a029696f402

1993

Kori Newkirk earns his BFA from the School of the Art Institute of Chicago (SAIC).

1995

Bruce Nauman has a solo exhibition at the Museum of Contemporary Art Chicago titled Bruce Nauman: Elliott’s Stones.

1996

Judy Chicago’s Birth Project is exhibited at the Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles.

1996

Ten in One Gallery in Chicago organizes Rebecca Morris’s first solo exhibition.

cannot locate find/attachment/5be5b0eeda2d5a02969703b8

cannot locate find/attachment/5be39d746fe3d002a6d6674b

1998

Amanda Ross-Ho earns her BFA from the School of the Art Institute of Chicago (SAIC).

1999

Jessica Jackson Hutchins receives her MFA from the School of the Art Institute of Chicago.

1999

Jim Nutt has a solo exhibition at MCA Chicago titled Jim Nutt: Portraits.

1999

Sterling Ruby moves to Chicago to attend the School of the Art Institute of Chicago (SAIC), where he meets fellow student Aaron Curry.

decade


2000s

cannot locate find/attachment/5be30ad56fe3d002ae6da0c3

2000

Sterling Ruby and Melanie Schiff become friends while students in Chicago.

2000

Rodney McMillian earns his Post-Baccalaureate from the School of the Art Institute of Chicago.

2000s 2000

Sterling Ruby first learns how to work with ceramics in Chicago at a “free form” ceramics class.

2000s 2000

Sterling Ruby works at the Video Data Bank, an organization cofounded by SAIC. In Ruby’s words: “I wasn’t exposed to a lot of video art until I started my employment as a secretary at the Video Data Bank. Prior to Chicago, I studied at a four-year foundation program in Pennsylvania where I did figure and still life drawing for eight hours a day. Needless to say, there was no video art in the curriculum. After being promoted from the VDB front desk, I learned how to edit and wound up dubbing endurance-based performance art for eight hours a day. I was holding the [Vito] Acconci, [Lynda] Benglis, and [Bruce] Nauman master tapes and it was a nice opportunity to learn the history of video art in parallel to watching the history of performance art.”

cannot locate find/attachment/5be5b1ab563cd8029e3824c3

2002

Melanie Schiff receives her MFA from the University of Illinois at Chicago.

cannot locate find/attachment/5a903ca26fe3d0015f35cc1c

cannot locate find/attachment/5a82125a563cd801694a07ce

2004

Larry Bell, Judy Chicago, Douglas Huebler, and Bruce Nauman are included in the group exhibition A Minimal Future? Art as Object 1958–1968 at the Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles.

2004

Sterling Ruby’s first solo exhibition, Interior Burnout, is at 1R Gallery in Chicago.

cannot locate find/attachment/55917c366134300074001bf0

cannot locate find/attachment/5b6c6cc5da2d5a016c8c470e

2007

Judy Chicago, Mary Kelly, Lynn Hershman Leeson, Sheila Levrant de Bretteville, Senga Nengudi, Miriam Schapiro, and June Wayne are included in the traveling exhibition WACK! Art and the Feminist Revolution organized by the Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles.

cannot locate find/attachment/5be4d9d2da2d5a029a97003d

decade


2010s

cannot locate find/attachment/5be4d56dda2d5a028f9702bb

cannot locate find/attachment/5be4d3e8563cd8029602f2b5

cannot locate find/attachment/5b916ea7da2d5a028fa44646

cannot locate find/attachment/5b916ea7563cd8028442f8fc

cannot locate find/attachment/5b6384f56fe3d0016668533f

2011

Jim Nutt has a solo exhibition at MCA Chicago titled Jim Nutt: Coming Into Character. It is accompanied by Seeing Is a Kind of Thinking: A Jim Nutt Companion, which included works by Nutt, Aaron Curry, Mike Kelley, Bruce Nauman, Gladys Nilsson, and Karl Wirsum.

2011

Judithe Hernández has a solo exhibition of new work at the National Museum of Mexican Art in Chicago titled La Vida Sobre Papel. Hernández credits the president of the National Museum of Mexican Art with jumpstarting her artistic career again in Chicago.

cannot locate find/attachment/5be4da7c6fe3d002a6d66e2e

2012

Aaron Curry and Sterling Ruby are included in the group exhibition Phantom Limb: Approaches to Painting Today at MCA Chicago.

cannot locate find/attachment/5be4dd956fe3d00293d6721c

cannot locate find/attachment/5be4dd94563cd802b002f215

cannot locate find/attachment/5b916ea76fe3d0027dd23fe1

cannot locate find/attachment/5be4dd8d6fe3d002a2d67318

cannot locate find/attachment/5be4d77e563cd8029602f2fd

cannot locate find/attachment/5be4d77eda2d5a029a97001a

2014

Judy Chicago has a solo exhibition at the Oakland Museum of California titled Judy Chicago: A Butterfly for Oakland.

2015

Aaron Curry, Gladys Nilsson, and Jim Nutt are included in the group exhibition Surrealism: The Conjured Life at MCA Chicago.

2017

Judy Chicago creates Be No More, a dry-ice installation, at the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art as part of their new building’s opening celebrations.

In this 2017 video, Judy Chicago explains her dissatisfaction with the male-dominated arts education she received at UCLA and how it inspired her to develop the Feminist Art Program at Fresno State College and the *Womanhouse* project.

2018

Jim Nutt, Gladys Nilsson, and Karl Wirsum are included in the group exhibition Hairy Who? 1966–1969 at the Art Institute of Chicago.

2018

Judy Chicago’s Birth Project: Born Again travels to the Pasadena Museum of California Art.

Related tags


Billy Al Bengston Terry Allen Carlos Almaraz José Antonio Aguirre Judith Barry Larry Bell Judy Chicago Robert Cumming Aaron Curry Hal Fischer Joe Goode Anna Halprin David Hammons Judithe Hernández Lynn Hershman Leeson Douglas Huebler Jessica Jackson Hutchins Barbara Kasten Mike Kelley Mary Kelly Jerry McMillan Rodney McMillian Rebecca Morris Bruce Nauman Senga Nengudi Kori Newkirk Gladys Nilsson Jim Nutt John Outterbridge Jorge Pardo Stephen Prina Amanda Ross-Ho Sterling Ruby Miriam Schapiro Melanie Schiff June Wayne William Wegman Charles White Karl Wirsum Albuquerque Art Institute of Chicago Barney’s Beanery Cal State, Fullerton Cal State, Sacramento CalArts California Candy Store Gallery Chicago Chouinard Ferus Gallery Fullerton Hyde Park Art Center Kansas La Cienega Los Angeles MCA Chicago Michigan Missouri National Museum of Mexican Art Oakland Oakland Museum of California Pasadena Rolf Nelson Gallery SAIC SFMOMA Sacramento San Francisco South Side Community Art Center St. Louis Tamarind UCLA University of Illinois at Chicago University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Valencia Western Avenue Artforum Feminist Art Program Hairy Who Los Four Nut Art Womanhouse

cannot locate find/attachment/5bc8c1b8563cd8029653e5e8

Stories

Consciousness-Raising and Collaboration

READ MORE

Related tags


Judy Chicago Joe Goode Miriam Schapiro Art Institute of Chicago Barney’s Beanery CalArts California Chicago Chouinard Ferus Gallery Fullerton La Cienega Los Angeles Rolf Nelson Gallery SFMOMA UCLA Valencia Western Avenue Feminist Art Program Students Five Womanhouse

cannot locate find/attachment/5bc7897eda2d5a02b0213ad0

Stories

Studio Z's Constellation

READ MORE

Related tags


Emory Douglas David Hammons Suzanne Jackson Senga Nengudi John Outterbridge Charles White Art Institute of Chicago Brockman Gallery California Chicago Chouinard Gallery 32 Los Angeles Otis UCLA Studio Z

cannot locate find/attachment/5bec95ff563cd802a172d762

Stories

The Candy Store Gallery

READ MORE

Related tags


Roy De Forest Gladys Nilsson Jim Nutt Karl Wirsum Art Institute of Chicago Berkeley Cal State, Sacramento California Candy Store Gallery Chicago Hyde Park Art Center Kansas SAIC Sacramento San Francisco St. Louis UC Berkeley UC Davis Funk art Hairy Who

cannot locate find/attachment/5bec95d5da2d5a029c84a5ec

Stories

The Hazard Park Complex

READ MORE

Related tags


Aaron Curry Mike Kelley Amanda Ross-Ho Sterling Ruby Art Institute of Chicago ArtCenter California Chicago Los Angeles MCA Chicago Pasadena SAIC USC